Last updated: 
19 April 2018

The average time for plant breeder’s rights registration is two and a half years. You will need to submit Applications part 1 and 2 and hire a qualified person (QP) to assist with a growing trial. There are fees at various stages of the process.


The registration process can take just under a year, or over 10 years, depending on the species you are breeding. The growing trials take time to complete and are different for particular species. Average registration time for wheat varieties is close to two years. For rose varieties it is around two and a half years, apples average just over five years and mangoes can take as long as 10 years.

Once full protection has been awarded, it lasts for up to:

  • 25 years for trees or vines (Actinidia (Kiwifruit), Bougainvillea, Campsis, Hedera and Vitis (grapevine))
  • 20 years for other species.

This is provided you pay the annual fee and obey any conditions placed on the variety. Non-payment can result in your application being revoked, and protection is lost.

Once your plant breeder’s right has expired, is surrendered by you or is revoked, the variety reverts to the public domain and is available to everybody. The limited duration of rights ensures a balance between private and public interest.


Fees for applicants include:

You can pay via our online services. Approved businesses with high volume transactions can pay via Business to Business (B2B).

GST does not apply to these statutory fees under Division 81 of the GST Act 1999.

A full list of fees is available in the Fee Schedule of the Plant Breeder's Rights Regulations 1994.

Refunds are only available in limited circumstances in accordance with our corporate guidelines for refunds.

Application fee

This fee accompanies your Application part 1 and covers:

  • an initial examination for acceptance
  • the issue of a letter of acceptance
  • 12 months of provisional protection.



PBR Application


Using a qualified person

You need to nominate a qualified person (QP) when you submit your application. This person will be an expert in the plant species you are growing. A list of QPs is available in our quarterly Plant Varieties Journal. They will charge a fee for their services, which you can discuss with them.


The examination fee is paid within 12 months of acceptance of the application. It can be paid when you submit the detailed description of your variety, if this is provided within 12 months. Field examination and publication of the plant description will take place after the fee is paid.

If an examination fee is not paid at the end of 12 months, the application will be refused and your variety will not have provisional protection.

For imported varieties this time limit can be extended so the 12 months begins from the day your variety is released from quarantine. Contact the plant breeder's rights office to discuss this option.

The examination fee covers:

  • the technical examination of the application including any field examination (if required) or overseas test report
  • the assessment of the description
  • the publication of a description and photograph of your new variety in the Plant Varieties Journal
  • any other enquiries necessary to establish eligibility for plant breeder’s rights.



Examination - single application


Examination - application based on overseas test data


Examination - multiple application

Applicable only to two or more varieties, tested at the same site in Australia, and when applications and descriptions are lodged simultaneously by the same applicant and QP, and examined simultaneously


Examination- at an authorised centralised testing centre when five or more candidate varieties of the same genus are tested simultaneously



After the description has been published, successful applicants need to pay the certificate fee. The fee is payable within six months of your application being published.

This covers the final examination of all details, the production of the certificate and publication of the variety description in the Plant breeder’s rights register. Applicants are then granted plant breeder’s rights and receive a certificate.





Sale of documents

Replacement certificates can be ordered via our online services. Options are: photocopies, certified copies and duplicates. Depending on which option you select the cost will vary.

Copy of one to three documents from the same file

$50 each

Copy of four or more documents from the same file $200

Annual renewal fee

An annual fee is due each year on the date that your plant breeder’s right was granted. The fee must be paid to maintain your exclusive rights. If these fees are not paid within 30 days of the due date, your plant breeder’s right will be revoked.


Fee (online services)

Fee (other means)




Inactive applications

An application is deemed to be inactive after 12 months if the examination fee is not paid, or after 24 months of provisional protection if:

  • we have not received a completed application
  • we have not been advised to proceed with the examination
  • an extension of provisional protection has not been requested or granted
  • a certificate fee has not been paid.

We examine inactive applications and if they don't fully comply with section 44 of the PBR Act, they will be refused. Provisional protection will then lapse, priority claims on that variety will be lost, and if the variety has been sold it will be ineligible for plant breeder’s rights if you apply again.

Continued use of labels or other methods to falsely imply that a variety is protected after the application has been refused is an offence under section 75 of the Plant Breeder’s Rights Act.